Winter Peas

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Winter Peas have been recently developed for exceptionally good winter hardiness, and are known for being highly palatable to livestock as winter forage. Its advantages are availability, fast germination and good biomass addition to soil. Winter peas can be planted in fall as a cover crop, or in spring for forage, and contributes heavily to biomass when terminated. Winter peas provides good weed suppression and are cost effective. Excellent cover crop for Nitrogen production.

  • Strong nitrogen fixer
  • Very high biomass potential
  • Quick growth good for weed suppression

Available in a 50 lb. bag



Winter Peas are a rapid, low growing annual legume used across the country as a legume fixing cover crop and/or a quickly decomposing green manure crop.  The large fan root structure adds organic matter to the soil.  Peas can produce 60-120 units of nitrogen (N) and yield 1-2 ton/acre forage yield.  The forage value of winter peas, along with their overall management are benefited when planted alongside a cereal grain such as triticale, oats and barley.  Crude protein with peas can be up to 28% depending on maturity.  Peas are also great for wildlife plots.

Suggested seeding rates:  Drill 30-80 lbs/acre alone, 10-30 lbs/acre in a mixed stand.  With a precision planter, plant 13 lbs/acre with 2 lbs of radishes; 60 cell soybean plate)

Approx. seeds/lb.:  2,000 – 3,500

Seeding depth:  Drill seed 1″ deep in a firm, moist seedbed.

Ave. Emergence time (days):  7-10

Preferred soils:  Winter peas have a wide range of soil adaption.  Ideal soil pH 6.0 – 7.0

Establishment:  Seed should be inoculated before planting for better nitrogen fixation.  Best planted in August-September time frame in the Midwest (6-8 weeks before first frost).  Peas are not recommended for aerial applications.

Management suggestions:  Mowing or forage harvest in spring will terminate crops.

Carbon/Nitrogen Ratio (C:N):  15:1 – 20:1

Non Forage Benefits:  Scale 1-5, 5=Excellent, 1=Poor

  • Compaction Alleviation: 2
  • Weed suppression:  4
  • Biomass production:  3
  • Erosion control:  3
  • Disease/Pest control:  3
  • Pollinator/Beneficials:  4
  • P & K Cycling:  2
  • Ease of establishment:  4

Additional information

Weight 54 lbs
Dimensions 28 × 17 × 5 in
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